What is trending in German labout market

 Jobs in Germany

This content was created in order to clarify some points about jobs and to answer some

some doubts of professionals who have the desire to migrate to Germany for work. The information

The information in the text is based on the laws that allow foreigners to exercise their professions in the country.

Index

  1. The four professional categories and the shortage of workers;
  2. Sectors that currently employ the most foreigners;
  3. The decrease in job vacancies due to the pandemic.

In Germany there are laws that allow labor migration, that is, the entry of foreign professionals to work

professionals to work in the country. However, depending on the country of origin, some professional categories

professional categories took more and others less advantage of this legality. With a growing need for labor, a new

labor, a new law Fachkräfteeinwanderungsgesetz was passed expanding this legality to professionals

professionals who, until then, did not have this right.

1 The four professional categories and the shortage of workers.

In order to understand which job positions foreigners may fill in Germany, it is important to understand that

to understand that professionals are divided into categories according to the type of professional training.

Commonly, there are four categories, which will be referred to here as "Helper," "Skilled worker," "Specialist

Specialist", "Specialist" and "Expert".

  1. Helper.

In the Helper category fall all workers with a qualification that lasts less than 2 years (e.g. craftsman, carpenter, craftsman).

than 2 years (e.g. Masonry, Hairdressing, Nursing auxiliary, etc.) and also workers without any qualification.

without any qualification. Although there is a labor market in this area in the country, the search for

foreign workers is not focused on professionals with this profile. For this reason, workers of this

category from some countries, such as Brazil, for example, do not enjoy the right of labor migration.

  1. Skilled worker.

This category is formed by workers who have concluded a professionalizing course of 2 or 3

years of duration. In absolute numbers, this is the most sought-after professional category in Germany,

mainly in areas related to technical maintenance, mechanics, electricity, mechatronics, etc. According to the

According to the new law, 3rd World  professionals of this category have the right to migrate for work purposes. RGSM  is looking for

Technologists (professionals with a 3-year degree) in many of these areas.

these areas. If you want to know which professionals are currently recruited, click here.

1.Specialist and d. Expert.

The Specialists are the professionals with academic degrees (e.g. Bachelor's) and the Experts are

those who have further education in addition to it (e.g. a Master's degree). These two categories already had the

right to exercise their professions in Germany and continue to maintain this right after the enactment of the new law.

There is demand for these highly qualified professionals, however, the number of open positions is

than for the skilled worker category. However, professionals in this category have

chances of being hired in some specific sectors, such as, for example, in the area of Information

Information Technology (IT).

According to data from the Competence Center for Qualified Work Guarantee "KOFA"[1]

there were 492,558 vacancies for skilled workers in Germany in 2019, of which 80 percent were open due to an internal shortage of professionals. For specialists and experts, the number of vacancies

65,973 and 62,726 respectively, of which 75% and 69% could not be filled for the same

reasons.

2. Sectors that most employ foreigners today

The German Institute for Economic Affairs (IW)[2] published in late 2020 the areas that are most in demand for

foreign professionals by category. As there is no foreign labor demand for the category

helper category, this category will not be depicted here.

Specialized worker

In this category, professionals from a variety of fields are sought. The main ones are:

- Health

Nurses are the most sought after in different sectors and especially for the care of the elderly.

elderly. These professionals have great chances of employment in Germany, especially if they master

German language at an intermediate level;

- Education

There is also a great demand for childcare workers for pre-school age children.

However, this area faces many difficulties in the recognition of the profession within the country and for this reason, it becomes unviable for Brazilians;

 

Technical areas

Professionals in the areas of Electrics, Electronics, Telecommunications, Mechanics and Mechatronics are the most sought after.

most sought after. RGSM  recruits professionals in the Technical area and promotes international hiring,

Therefore, if you are a Technologist in one of these areas with a certificate recognized by MEC, check

check here if your profession is listed and register for free.

Professionals with high qualifications

The professionals named above as Specialists and Experts find their field of work mainly in

healthcare, construction, and industry.

- Healthcare

Healthcare professionals such as physicians, orthopedists, physical therapists, occupational therapists are among the most

among the most frequently recruited. However, an advanced level of German is often a requirement, which

the biggest obstacle, especially for those who do not speak German at any level.

language at any level;

- Construction and Industrial sectors

Engineers are highly sought after, especially in the fields of electrical engineering, electronics and information technology, as well as in civil

Construction, Aerospace, Automotive and Shipbuilding. For all these professionals

For all these professionals, an excellent level of English is usually a must.

 

3.The decrease in job vacancies due to the pandemic

According to the research portal Statista[3], there has been a decrease in the number of job vacancies

after the outbreak of the new coronavirus pandemic in Germany by approximately 200,000 vacancies. This

fall is mainly due to measures to control the spread of the virus in the population, which has

hampered the country's economic development in various sectors. Against this backdrop, many

interested in working in Germany are asking themselves "Are there still openings for foreigners?" or if

"Is it still worth applying for jobs in Germany? We can tell you in advance that it is

to continue applying and registering for jobs in Germany.

The shortage of skilled professionals, which affects Germany in particular, is due

mainly due to the country's changing demographics. The population is going through an aging process, which

which contributes to a decrease in the number of people of working age. The Federal Ministry of

BMWi (Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie)[4] estimates that Germany

will be short of 3.9 million workers in 2030 and 10.2 million in 2060. Experts consider the migration of skilled workers to be one of the most effective ways to reduce this

growing labor deficit in the country.

Although the present crisis brings with it a temporary decrease in the number of job vacancies

and major changes, it should be emphasized, that both the lack of demographic growth and

the lack of human capital, will not be solved in the short or medium term. For this reason, RGSM

therefore advises all interested parties who fit the requirements to register. Even though

contracting is not occurring en masse, it continues to happen in smaller proportions and, after the control of the pandemic, the

After the control of the pandemic, companies will again be in need of skilled labor.

Date: 02/06/2021

References:

  1. https://www.kofa.de/fachkraefteengpaesse-verstehen/auf-einen-blick

2.https://www.iwkoeln.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Studien/Report/PDF/2020/IW Report_2020_Messung_des_Fachkraeftemangels.pdf

  1. https://de.statista.com/statistik/daten/studie/2903/umfrage/jahresdurchschnittswerte-des-bestands-an offenen-arbeitsstellen/
  2. https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/DE/Dossier/fachkraeftesicherung.htmlArtigo 3. How much it costs to live in Germany

This text is intended for specialized professionals who wish to migrate to Germany for

work.